Earnings management and economic crises in the Brazilian capital market

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Aldy Fernandes da Silva
Elionor Farah Jreige Weffort
Eduardo da Silva Flores
Glauco Peres da Silva

Abstract


The 2008 economic crisis challenged accounting, either demanding recognition and measurement criteria well adjusted to this scenario or even questioning its ability to inform appropriately entities’ financial situation before the crisis occurred. So, our purpose was to verify if during economic crises listed companies in the Brazilian capital market tended to adopt earnings management (EM) practices. Our sample consisted in 3,772 firm-years observations, in 13 years – 1997 to 2009. We developed regression models considering discretionary accruals as EM proxy (dependent variable), crisis as a macroeconomic factor (dummy variable of interest), ROA, market-to-book, size, leverage, foreign direct investment (FDI) and sector as control variables. Different for previous EM studies two approaches were used in data panel regression models and multiple crises were observed simultaneously. Statistics tests revealed a significant relation between economic crisis and EM practices concerning listed companies in Brazil in both approaches used.

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How to Cite
SILVA, A. F. da; WEFFORT, E. F. J.; FLORES, E. da S.; SILVA, G. P. da. Earnings management and economic crises in the Brazilian capital market. RAE - Revista de Administracao de Empresas , [S. l.], v. 54, n. 3, p. 268–284, 2014. Disponível em: https://periodicos.fgv.br/rae/article/view/23309. Acesso em: 13 apr. 2024.
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Articles
Author Biographies

Aldy Fernandes da Silva

Professor at Programa de Mestrado em Ciências Contábeis, Fundação Escola de Comércio Álvares Penteado

Elionor Farah Jreige Weffort

Professor at Programa de Mestrado em Ciências Contábeis, Fundação Escola de Comércio Álvares Penteado

Eduardo da Silva Flores

Professor at Fundação Escola de Comércio Álvares Penteado

Glauco Peres da Silva

Researcher at Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de São Paulo