No politics, no society: Questioning the justification of entrepreneurship in Chilean public policies

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Oriana Bernasconi
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0685-124X
Juan Felipe Espinosa-Cristia
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5629-6328

Abstract

Studies show that the state plays a positive role in shaping conditions for entrepreneurship and promoting economic
growth through entrepreneurial activity. However, the question of how state intervention in entrepreneurship
is justified in neoliberal regimes has received scant attention, although it can legitimize public policies. We examine
the entrepreneurial slant of the Production and Commerce Development Corporation of Chile (CORFO), which
implements regulations and grants financial support to startups. Analyzing interviews with CORFO’s state officials,
public statements, and official documentation, we review the advent of state-led entrepreneurial policy and
explore the post-dictatorial government’s principles justifying current state policy. This policy relies on double
de-politicization: i) divesting entrepreneurship from political affiliation and ii) propagating a meritocratic rhetoric
of social and individual development, oblivious of structural inequalities. We argue that this is functional for this
regime as long as it guarantees state intervention in entrepreneurship as a policy of common good.

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How to Cite
BERNASCONI, O.; ESPINOSA-CRISTIA, J. F. No politics, no society: Questioning the justification of entrepreneurship in Chilean public policies. RAE - Revista de Administracao de Empresas , [S. l.], v. 60, n. 2, p. 131–143, 2020. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-759020200206. Disponível em: https://periodicos.fgv.br/rae/article/view/81390. Acesso em: 16 apr. 2024.
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