Organizational values as enablers for the circular economy and sustainability

Main Article Content

Luisa Lavagnini Barboza
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2093-4762
Ana Carolina Bertassini
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1241-5276
Mateus Cecilio Gerolamo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6535-0904
Aldo Roberto Ometto
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3577-5175

Abstract

The transition towards the circular economy (CE) requires that organizational values be examined in more depth and understood more fully, which can encourage innovation and sustainable attitudes. The majority of the studies on this matter, however, only address the technical aspects of the transition to a CE. The aim of this paper was to identify and analyze those organizational values that are essential for sustaining a culture that incorporates concepts of circularity and sustainability. Using a multi-method approach, we identified a list of 29 circular values and proposed a definition for each one. The values identified were discussed with regard to their importance in achieving sustainability. By way of  a case study we also exemplified the adoption of circular values and how the specific organization we studied is nurturing those values. This seminal study enriches discussion of the importance of soft factors for the transition to a CE. It also embraces the relevance of human resource management in organizations for boosting sustainability.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
LAVAGNINI BARBOZA , L. .; BERTASSINI , A. C. .; GEROLAMO, M. C. .; OMETTO , A. R. . Organizational values as enablers for the circular economy and sustainability. RAE - Revista de Administracao de Empresas , [S. l.], v. 62, n. 5, p. e2021–0331, 2022. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-759020220509. Disponível em: https://periodicos.fgv.br/rae/article/view/85958. Acesso em: 17 jun. 2024.
Section
Forum

References

Barboza, L. L., Bertassini, A. C., Gerolamo, M. G., & Ometto, A. R. (2020). Economia circular e sustentabilidade: Identificação de valores organizacionais. VII Congresso Brasileiro sobre Gestão de Ciclo de Vida, Gramado, RS. Retrieved from https://www.ufrgs.br/gcv2020/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/GCV-2020-Volume-I.pdf

Bardin, L. (2011). Análise de conteúdo. São Paulo, SP: Edições 70.

Bashir, M., & Verma, R. (2019). Internal factors & consequences of business model innovation. Management Decision, 57(1), 262-290. doi: 10.1108/MD-11-2016-0784

Bertassini, A. C., Ometto, A. R., Severengiz, S., & Gerolamo, M. C. (2021). Circular economy and sustainability: The role of organizational behaviour in the transition journey. Business Strategy and the Environment, 1-34. doi: 10.1002/bse.2796

Bocken, N. M. P., Pauw, I. de, Bakker, C., & Grinten, B. van der. (2016). Product design and business model strategies for a circular economy. Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering, 33(5), 308-320. doi: 10.1080/21681015.2016.1172124

Bocken, N. M. P., Schuit, C. S. C., & Kraaijenhagen, C. (2018). Experimenting with a circular business model: Lessons from eight cases. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 28, 79-95. doi: 10.1016/j.eist.2018.02.001

Boehm, C. (2008). Purposive social selection and the evolution of human altruism. The Journal of Comparative Social Science, 42(4), 319-352. doi: 10.1177/1069397108320422

Buchanan, D., Fitzgerald, L., Ketley, D., Gollop, R., Jones, J. L., Lamont, S. S., Whitby, E. (2005). No going back: A review of the literature on sustaining organizational change. International Journal of Management Reviews, 7(3), 189-205. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2370.2005. 00111.x

Buren, N. van, Demmers, M., Heijden, R. van der, & Witlox, F. (2016). Towards a circular economy: The role of Dutch logistics industries and governments. Sustainability, 8(7), 647. doi: 10.3390/su8070647

Bustinza, O. F., Gomes, E., Vendrell-Herrero, F., & Tarba, S. Y. (2018). An organizational change framework for digital servitization: Evidence from the Veneto region. Strategic Change, 27(2), 111-119. doi: 10.1002/jsc.2186

Câmara, R. H. (2013). Análise de conteúdo: Da teoria à prática em pesquisas sociais aplicadas às organizações. Gerais: Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia, 6(2), 179-191. Retrieved from http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1983-82202013000200003&lng=pt&tlng=pt

Cambra-Fierro, J., Polo-Redondo, Y., & Wilson, A. (2008). The influence of an organisation’s corporate values on employee personal buying behaviour. Journal of Business Ethics, 81(1), 157-167. doi: 10.1007/sl0551-007-9486-1

Confederação Nacional da Indústria. (2018). Circular economy: Opportunities and challenges for the Brazilian industry. Retrieved from https://www.portaldaindustria.com.br/publicacoes/2018/4/economia-circular-oportunidades-e-desafios-para-industria-brasileira/#circular-economy-opportunities-and-challenges-for-the-brazilian-industry

Cotec. (2016). Economia circular. Retrieved from https://cotecportugal.pt/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/20161122_EC_Booklet_Exposi%C3%A7%C3%A3o-1.pdf

Crane, A. (1995). Rhetoric and reality in the greening of organizational culture. Greener Management International, 12, 49-62. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1677579

Creswell, J., & Clark, V. P. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, USA: Sage.

Dawson, P. (1994). Organizational change: A processual approach. Paul Chapman Publishing Ltd.

Dragan, I. M., & Isaic-Maniu, A. (2013). Snowball sampling completion. Journal of Studies in Social Sciences, 5(2), 160-177. Retrieved from http://www.infinitypress.info/index.php/jsss/article/view/355/0

Duncan, D. F. (1989). Content analysis in health education research: An introduction to purposes and methods. Health Education, 20(7), 27-31. doi: 10.1080/00970050.1989.10610182

Ellen MacArthur Foundation. (2012). Towards the circular economy: Economic and business rationale for an accelerated transition. Retrieved from https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/assets/downloads/publications/Ellen-MacArthur-Foundation-Towards-the-Circular-Economy-vol.1.pdf

Forza, C. (2002). Survey research in operations management: A process‐based perspective. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 22(2), 152-194. doi: 10.1108/01443570210414310

Gond, J., & Herrbach, O. (2006). Social reporting as an organizational learning tool? A theoretical framework. Journal of Business Ethics, 65(3), 359-371. doi: 10.1007/s10551-006-6405-9

Gorenak, M., & Kosir, S. (2012). The importance of organizational values for organization. Knowledge and learning: Global empowerment. Proceedings of the Management, Knowledge and Learning International Conference, International School for Social and Business Studies, Celje, Slovenia. Retrieved from https://ideas.repec.org/h/isv/mklp12/563-569.html

Gosavi, A. (2015). Analyzing responses from likert surveys and risk-adjusted ranking: A data analytics perspective. Procedia Computer Science, 61, 24-31. doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2015.09.139

Greene, J., Caracelli, V., & Graham, W. (1989). Toward a conceptual framework for mixed-method evaluation designs. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 11, 255-274. doi: 10.3102%2F01623737011003255

Gue, I. H. V., Promentilla, M. A. B., Tan, R. R., & Ubando, A. T. (2020). Sector perception of circular economy driver interrelationships. Journal of Cleaner Production, 276, 123204. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123204

Habibi, A., Jahantigh, F. F., & Sarafrazi A. (2015). Fuzzy Delphi Technique for forecasting and screening items. Asian Journal of Research in Business Economic and Management, 5(2), 130-143. doi:10.5958/2249-7307.2015.00036.5

Hoffman, A. J. (1993). The importance of fit between individual values and organizational culture in the greening of industry. Business Strategy and the Environment, 20(4), 1015-1052. doi: 10.1002/bse.3280020402

Isensee, C., Teuteberg, F., Griese, K.-M., & Topi, C. (2020). The relationship between organizational culture, sustainability, and digitalization in SMEs: A systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 275, 122944. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122944

Jabbour, C. J. C., Sarkis, J., Jabbour, A. B. L. de S., Renwick, D. W. S., Singh, S. K., Grebinevych, O., Filho, M. G. (2019). Who is in charge? A review and a research agenda on the ‘human side’ of the circular economy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 222, 793-801. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.038

Johnson, R. B., & Onquegbuzie, A. J. (2004). Mixed methods research: A paradigm whose time has come. Educational Researcher, 33(7), 14-26. doi: 10.3102/0013189X033007014

Kirchherr, J., Piscicelli, L., Bour, R., Kostense-Smit, E., Muller, J., Huibrechtse-Truijens, A., & Hekkert, M. (2018). Barriers to the circular economy: Evidence from the European Union (EU). Ecological Economics, 150, 264-272. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.04.028

Kirchherr, J., Reike, D., & Hekkert, M. (2017). Conceptualizing the circular economy: An analysis of 114 definitions. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 127, 221-232. doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.09.005

Konietzko, J., Bocken, N., & Hultink, E. J. (2020). Circular ecosystem innovation: An initial set of principles. Journal of Cleaner Production, 253, 119942. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119942

Korhonen, J., Honkasalo, A., & Seppälä, J. (2018). Circular economy: The concept and its limitations. Ecological Economics, 143, 37-46. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.06.041

Korhonen, J., Nuur, C., Feldmann, A., & Birkie, S. E. (2018). Circular economy as an essentially contested concept. Journal of Cleaner Production, 175, 544-552. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.12.111

Kruchten, S. van, & Eijk, F. van. (2020). Circular economy & SDGs. Retrieved from https://circulareconomy.europa.eu/platform/sites/default/files/3228_brochure_sdg_-_hch_cmyk_a4_portrait_-_0520-012.pdf

Lagrosen, Y., & Lagrosen, S. (February, 2019). Creating a culture for sustainability and quality: A lean-inspired way of working, Total Quality Management & Business Excellence. doi: 10.1080/14783363.2019.1575199

Linnenluecke, M. K., & Griffiths, A. (2010). Corporate sustainability and organizational culture. Journal of world business, 45(4), 357-366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2009.08.006

Lloria, M. B., & Moreno-Luzon, M. D. (2014). Organizational learning: Proposal of an integrative scale and research instrument. Journal of Business Research, 67(5), 692-697. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2013.11.029

Maitlis, S., & Lawrence, T. B. (2007). Triggers and enablers of sensegiving in organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 50(1), 57-84, 2007. doi: 10.5465/amj.2007.24160971

Malbasic, I., & Posarie, N. (2017). A comparison of the organizational values of the world's largest companies with the organizational values of large Croatian companies: A balanced approach. In Management International Conference, Venice, Italy. Retrieved from https://www.hippocampus.si/ISBN/978-961-7023-71-8/6.pdf

Miguel, L. A. P., & Teixeira, M. L. M. (2009). Valores organizacionais e criação do conhecimento organizacional inovador. Revista de Administração Contemporânea, 13(1), 36-56. doi: 10.1590/S1415-65552009000100004

Molina-Azorin, J. F. (2016). Mixed methods research: An opportunity to improve our studies and our research skills. European Journal of Management and Business Economics, 25, 37-38. doi: 10.1016/j.redeen.2016.05.001

Morais, L. H. P. de, Pinto, D. C., & Cruz-Jesus, F. (2021). Circular economy engagement: Altruism, status, and cultural orientation as drivers for sustainable consumption. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 27, 523-533. doi: 10.1016/j.spc.2021.01.019

O’Cathain, A., Murphy, E., & Nicholl, J. (2008). The quality of mixed methods studies in health services research. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 13(2), 92-98. doi: 10.1258/jhsrp.2007.007074

O’Donnel, O., & Boyle, R. (2008). Understanding and managing organisational culture (CPMR Discussion Paper n. 40). Institute of Public Administration. Retrieved from https://www.ipa.ie/_fileUpload/Documents/CPMR_DP_40_Understanding_Managing_Org_Culture.pdf

Östlund, U., Kidd, L., Wengström, Y., & Rowa-Dewar, N. (2011). Combining qualitative and quantitative research within mixed method research designs: A methodological review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 48, 369-383. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2010.10.005

Patil, R. A., Seal, S., & Ramakrishna, S. (2020). Circular economy, sustainability and business opportunities. The European Business Review. 82-91, Retrieved from https://www.europeanbusinessreview.com/circular-economy-sustainability-and-business-opportunities/

Pieroni, M. P. P., McAloone, T. C., & Pigosso, D. C. A. (2019). Business model innovation for circular economy and sustainability: A review of approaches. Journal of Cleaner Production, 215, 198-216. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.036

Posner, B. Z. (2010). Another look at the impact of personal and organizational values congruency. Journal of Business Ethics, 97(4), 535-541. doi:10.1007/s10551-010-0530-1

Prieto-Sandoval, V., Jaca, C., & Ormazabal, M. (2018). Towards a consensus on the circular economy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 179, 605-615. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.12.224

Raut, S. B., & George, A. (2018). Screening of age-friendly criteria by modified Fuzzy Delphi Method. Forensic Science & Addiction Research, 2(3), 127-134. doi: 10.31031/FSAR.2018.02.000543

Rodriguez-Anton, J. M., Rubio-Andrada, L., Celemín-Pedroche, M. S., & Alonso-Almeida, M. D. M. (2019). Analysis of the relations between circular economy and sustainable development goals. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 26(8), 708-720. doi: 10.1080/13504509.2019.1666754

Saffie, N. A. M., Shukor, N. M., & Rasmani, K. A. (2016). Fuzzy Delphi Method: Issues and challenges. International Conference on Logistics, Informatics and Service Sciences (LISS). doi: 10.1109/LISS.2016.7854490

Saidani, M., Yannou, B., Leroy, Y., Cluzel, F., & Kendall, A. (2019). A taxonomy of circular economy indicators. Journal of Cleaner Production, 207, 542-559. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.014

Saido, G. A. M., Siraj, S., DeWitt, D., & Al-Amedy, O. S. (2018). Development of an instructional model for higher order thinking in science among secondary school students: A Fuzzy Delphi approach. International Journal of Science Education, 40(8), 847-866. doi: 10.1080/09500693.2018.1452307

Salvioni, D. M., & Almici, A. (2020). Transitioning toward a circular economy: The impact of stakeholder engagement on sustainability culture. Sustainability, 12(20), 8641. doi: 10.3390/su12208641

Santos, F. M. dos. (2012). Análise de conteúdo: A visão de Laurence Bardin. Revista Eletrônica de Educação, 6(1), 383-387. doi:10.14244/%2519827199291

Schein, E. H. (1984). Coming to a new awareness of organizational culture. Sloan Management Review, 25(3), 3-16. Retrieved from https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/coming-to-a-new-awareness-of-organizational-culture/

Schroeder, P., Anggraeni, K., & Weber, U. (2018). The relevance of circular economy practices to the sustainable development goals. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 23(1), 77-95. doi: 10.1111/jiec.12732

Silva, D. A. da, Figueiredo, D., Filho, & Silva, A. da. (2015). O poderoso NVivo: Uma introdução a partir da análise de conteúdo. Revista Política Hoje, 24(2), 119-134. Retrieved from https://periodicos.ufpe.br/revistas/politicahoje/article/view/3723

Simons, H. (2009). Case study research in practice. London, UK: SAGE.

Starman, A. B. (2013). The case study as a type of qualitative research. Journal of Contemporary Educational Studies, 64(130), 28-43. Retrieved from https://www.sodobna-pedagogika.net/en/articles/01-2013_the-case-study-as-a-type-of-qualitative-research/

Tashakkori, A., & Creswell, J. W. (2007). Editorial: The new era of mixed methods. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(1), 3-7. doi: 10.1177/2345678906293042

Vitell, S., & Ramos-Hidalgo, E. (2006). The impact of corporate ethical values and enforcement of ethical codes of perceived importance of ethics in business: A comparison of U.S. and Spanish managers. Journal of Business Ethics, 64(1), 31-43. doi: 10.1007/s10551-005-4664-5

Yusoff, A. F. M., Hashim, A., Muhamad, N., & Hamat, W. N. W. (2021). Application of Fuzzy Delphi Technique towards designing and developing the elements for the e-PBM PI-Poli Module. Asian Journal of University Education, 17(1), 292-304. doi: 10.24191/ajue. v17i1.12625