Board of directors, gender diversity and monitoring

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Camila de Araújo Fernandes
Márcio André Veras Machado


This paper aimed to investigate whether gender diversity in the board affects the effectiveness of monitoring, in order to reduce the total and variable remuneration of executives, the practice of earnings management
and the sensitivity of CEO turnover to the performance of Brazilian companies. We analyzed 199 companies listed on B3 between 2011 and 2018. The results indicate that gender diversity on the board has a negative effect on the total and variable remuneration of executives and the participation of 11% to 20% of women on the board has a negative effect on the earnings management. Although it has no direct effect on the probability of CEO turnover, the gender diversity takes away the explanatory power of the ROA. We can understand that gender diversity on board of directors improves the effectiveness of the monitoring
functions investigated, although this is an overdue effect when other governance proxies are considered.


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How to Cite
FERNANDES, C. de A.; MACHADO, M. A. V. Board of directors, gender diversity and monitoring . RAE - Revista de Administracao de Empresas , [S. l.], v. 63, n. 3, p. e2021–0753, 2023. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-759020230303. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16 apr. 2024.


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